With a cash-out refinance, you take a portion of your equity and then add what you’ve taken out onto your new mortgage principal. This means your new mortgage would be worth $160,000 – the original $140,000 you owed on the home plus the $20,000 you need for renovations. Your lender gives you the $20,000 in cash a few days after closing.
When you refinance, you can do anything you want with the money you take from your equity. You can make repairs on your property, catch up on your student loan payments or cover an unexpected medical or auto bill. Cash-out refinances also usually give you access to lower interest rates than credit cards.
Get approved to refinance.
The amount you earn on your refinance typically depends on your home’s value. Before finding out how much you qualify for, you’ll need to have your home appraised. In general, lenders will let you draw out no more than 80% of your home’s value, but this can vary from lender to lender and may depend on your specific circumstances.
One big exception to the 80% rule is VA loans, which let you take out up to the full amount of your existing equity. Rocket Mortgage® allows you to take out the full amount if you have a median FICO® Score of 680 or higher. Other lenders may have different policies.
How Does A Cash-Out Refinance Work?
The cash-out refinance process is similar to the process you undergo when you buy a home. After you know you meet the requirements, you choose a online payday loans bad credit South Carolina lender, submit an application and documentation to underwriting, get an approval and wait for your check.
1. Check The Requirements
Your lender sets their own requirements when it comes to deciding who qualifies for a refinance. Some of the most common cash-out refinancing requirements include:
A Credit Score Of At Least 620
To refinance, you’ll usually need a credit score of at least 580. However, if you’re looking to take cash out, your credit score typically will need to be 620 or higher.
A Debt-To-Income Ratio (DTI) Of Less Than 50%
Your DTI ratio is the amount of your monthly debts and payments divided by your total monthly income. For example, if you pay $1,500 in bills every month, including your mortgage, and you have a total monthly household income of $4,000, your DTI is $1,500 divided by $4,000, or about 37.5%. Most lenders require that your current DTI be less than 50% to refinance your loan.
Equity In Your Home
You’ll need to already have a sizable amount of equity built in your home if you want to secure a cash-out refinance. Remember that your lender won’t let you cash out 100% of the equity you have unless you qualify for a VA refinance, so take a careful look at your current equity before you commit to a cash-out refinance. Make sure that you can convert enough equity to accomplish your goals.
2. Determine How Much Cash You Need
Once you know that you meet the requirements for a cash-out refinance, determine how much money you need. If you’re planning to cash out for repairs or renovations, it’s a good idea to get a few estimates from contractors in your area so you know how much you need. If you want to refinance to consolidate debt, sit down with all of your credit card and bank statements and determine exactly how much cash you need to cover your debts.
3. Apply Through Your Lender
After you apply for a cash-out refinance, you receive a decision on whether your lender approves the refinance. Your lender might ask you for financial documents like bank statements, W-2s or pay stubs to prove your DTI ratio. After you get an approval, your lender will walk you through the next steps toward closing.